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Schwester Lucia Park

PAK PIN‐CHUK LUCIA [박 빈숙 루시아]

* 14 Oktober 1919 in SoonAhn, P’yŏngan‐namdo (North Korea);
† 11 October 1950 in Wonsan (North Korea)

 

Schwester Lucia Park (Angela)


Geboren: 14. Oktober 1919 in SoonAhn; PyungAhnNahmDo, Nordkorea

Erste Profess: 22. Juni 1943 in Wonsan, Nordkorea

Todesdatum: 11. Oktober 1950 in SoonAhn, PyungAhnNahmDo, Nordkorea

 

Sr. Lucia Park war die Nichte von Sr. Columba Park, die nach der Auflösung der Klöster und Trennung von den deutschen Oberinnen als Subpriorin für die koreanischen Schwestern ernannt wurde.
Sr. Lucia Park wurde 1919 als erstes von drei Kindern in SoonAhn, PyungAhnNam, Nordkorea, geboren. Die Familie war recht wohlhabend. Ihr Vater starb, ehe sie ins Kloster eintrat. Sie hatte ein aufrechtes und positives Selbstbewusstsein. Sie war offen und ehrlich und sprach aus, was sie für richtig hielt. Sie war eine schöne Frau und ihr Charakter war erfrischend wie ein klarer Morgen. Alle liebten sie. Von ihrer Familientradition her hatte sie einen tiefen katholischen Glauben. Sie half gern den Armen und Notleidenden. Sie hatte einen guten Verstand und ein korrektes Urteil.


Als Neunzehnjährige kam sie zur Einkleidungsfeier ihrer Tante, Sr. Columba Park, und trat sogleich ins Kloster in Wonsan ein. Mit ihrem lebhaften und intelligenten Charakter ertrug sie alle Schwierigkeiten des Klosterlebens. Als Postulantin bestand sie eine Eignungsprüfung als Musiklehrerin. Als ihre erste Profess verschoben wurde, wurde sie mutlos. Doch ihre Tante, Sr. Columba, riet ihr: “Wer die größte Krone des Martyriums erhält, ist wichtiger, als wer die Profess schneller macht als die andern.“ Also wollte Sr. Lucia die Krone des Martyriums schon vor ihrer ersten Profess erhalten. Und sie erhielt, was sie erwünschte: die Krone des Martyriums für Christus. Am 11. Oktober 1950, sieben Jahre nach ihrer ersten Profess, wurde sie im Alter von 31 Jahren, durch die einheimischen Kommunisten ihrer Stadt erschossen. http://www.osb-tutzing.pcn.net/de/html/martyrerinnen.html

 

 

 

Schwester Park Pin-suk, Lucia

Schwester des Priorates von Wonsan.
Sie wurde am 14 Oktober 1994 in Sunan, Nordkorea, als die Erste von drei Töchtern einer glücklichen und wohlhabenden christlichen Familie geboren. Sie verlor ihren Vater sehr früh und hatte, seit ihrer Jugend einen unerschütterlichen und engagierten Glauben. Sie empfand Mitleid mit den Armen und Leidenden und half ihnen. Beeindruckend war auch Ihre Schönheit.
Die erste Inspiration ins Kloster einzutreten bekam sie, als ihre Tante, Schwester Park Columba, die Nonnentracht erhielt. Dieses Erlebnis hatte eine positive Wirkung auf sie.
Als Postulantin erwarb sie die Lehrbefähigung für Musik.Während des Noviziates musste sie lang warten, um ihre Profess abzulegen. Da sie deswegen traurig wurde, tröstete sie ihre Tante, Schwester Columba Park, mit den folgenden Worten“ Das Entscheidende ist nicht, wer zuerst die Profess ablegt, sondern wer die Krone des Martyriums trägt. Du sollst geduldig warten“
Schwester Lucia legte ihre monastische Profess am 22. Juni 1943 ab.
Während des zweiten Weltkrieges (1939-1945) waren die Schwester des Priorates Wonsan von den anderen Missionsbenediktinerinnen der Kongregation getrennt.
Im Jahr 1945 marschierten die Russen in Nordkorea ein. Sie begrenzten die Freiheit der Missionsschwestern, aber misshandelten sie nicht. In dieser Zeit bereiteten die Russen heimlich die Übernahme der politischen Macht seitens der kommunistischen Koreaner vor. Danach begann die Verfolgung.
In der Nacht zum 10 Mai 1949 drangen die kommunistischen Offiziere in das Priorat ein und beschlagnahmten das Kloster. Die europäischen Schwestern wurden für einige Monate im Gefängnis von Pyeongyang eingesperrt. Später wurden sie in das Arbeitslager von Oksadok in den nordischen Bergen verschleppt und hielten im Leiden bis zu ihrer Freilassung im Jahr 1954 aus.
Die 19 koreanischen Schwestern wurden in dem “Rehabilitationszentrum“ von Wonsan eingesperrt. Sie wurden als faule und nutzlose Bürger angeklagt und man wollte sie überreden zu heiraten. Aber die Schwester sagten zu sich selbst: “Unser Glaube hängt weder am Kloster noch an der Tracht, sondern er ist in unserem Herzen und in unserem Geist.“ So hielten sie treu an ihrer Berufung fest und lebten weiterhin als Missionsbenediktinerinnen.
Schwester Lucia und Schwester Olivia, die auch mit Schwester Park Kolumba verwandt war, zogen erst von Wonsan nach Pyongyang um, und dann nach Sunan, ihren Geburtsdorf. Schwester Lucia lehrte die Kinder dreimal in der Woche den Katechismus im Versammlungsraum der Kommunisten, ohne Angst zu haben. Die Kinder lernten auch kirchliche Lieder.
Nachdem Schwester Park Columba, Vizepriorin von Wonsan, nach Südkorea geflüchtet war, hätten auch Schwester Lucia und Schwester Olivia ihr folgen müssen. Aber weil Schwester Olivia Schwierigkeiten mit dem Gehör hatte, entschied Schwester Lucia, mit ihr in Nordkorea zu bleiben. Sie befürchtete nämlich, dass durch diese Behinderung die Flucht der anderen Mitschwester erschwert sein könnte und wollte ihre Gelegenheit zur Rettung in Südkorea nicht gefährden. Während also die zwei Schwestern in Nordkorea verblieben, flüchteten die anderen in den Süden.

Obwohl dasDorf von Sunan friedlich war, wurde Schwester Lucia am 24 September 1950 auf Hinweis eines Cousins, der ein hochrangiger kommunistischer Offizier geworden war, festgenommen.
Im Herbst 1950 marschierte die Armee von Südkorea nach Nordkorea. Als sie in die Nähe von Sunan kam, wurden die Gefangenen von den Kommunisten gezwungen, in die Berge zu marschieren, wo sie getötet wurden; Schwester Lucia war unter ihnen. Dies geschah am 5. oder 11. oder 12. Oktober 1950.



SR. LUCIA PARK (NÉE: ANGELA)

Date of Birth: October 14, 1919
Birth Place: Sunan, South Pyongan Province, North Korea
Date of First Profession:  June 22, 1943 in Wonsan, North Korea
Date of Death: October 11, 1950 in Sunan, South Pyongan Province, North Korea


Sr. Lucia Park was Sr. Columba Park’s niece. Sr. Columba Park had been appointed as the subprioress to be in charge of all the Korean Sisters after the disbandment and separation from the German superiors.

Sr. Lucia was born in 1919 as the first child of three children in SoonAhn, South Pyongan Province, North Korea. She and her family lived a comparatively well-to-do life. Her father died before she entered convent. She had an upright and positive self-image. She was forthright and spoke out what she thought right. She was a well-formed beauty and her character was refreshing like a crisp morning. Everyone loved her. She had a deep Catholic faith, learned from her family tradition. She loved to help the poor and the needy. She had good sense and correct judgments.

At the age of 19, she came to the Clothing ceremony of her aunt, Sr. Colomba Park and on the spot she entered the convent in Wonsan. With her lively and intelligent character she endured well all the hardships of the convent. She passed a qualifying examination for the music teachers as a postulant.

When her first profession was delayed and she became despondent, her aunt, Sr. Colomba advised her saying, “Who obtains the biggest crown of martyrdom is more important than Who makes profession faster than the others.”

Thus, Sr. Lucia wanted to obtain the crown of martyrdom even before her first profession. So, she obtained what she desired, the crown of martyrdom for Christ on October 11, 1950, seven years after her first profession, at the age of 31, by the local communists of her town.1

1 See “MBS Martyr Sisters in North Korea (between 1950–1952),” http://www.osb-tutzing.pcn.net/en/html/our_martyrs.html, accessed 02/24/2008.






SR. LUCIA PAK, OSB
(1919-1950)
Wonsan - North Korea

Sr. Matilda Handl, OSB

    Angela Pak was the oldest of three children. She was born to a happy and prosperous Catholic family in the village of Sunan in North Korea on October 14, 1919. Her father died while Angela was still small.
    From early childhood, Angela developed a strong, active faith. She learned to help the poor and suffering with deep compassion. She grew up as a strong personality with clear convictions. Taller than average in stature, she impressed people at first sight by her fine appearance. The villagers of Sunan knew her as one who always spoke the truth. They admired her beauty, wisdom and sound judgment.
    When her aunt, our Sister Columba Park, received the monastic habit at Wonsan, Angela attended the ceremony and was deeply impressed. She felt inspired to enter the convent at once.
     While she was a candidate, Angela passed a test to become a music teacher. She was a smart and very active young woman, strong in enduring difficulties. As a novice, Sister Lucia had to wait longer before being admitted to profession. She was sad at first. Then Sister Columba told her, "It does not matter who makes profession sooner, but who gets to wear the greater crown of martyrdom. You must endure and wait with patience." Sister Lucia made her monastic profession on June 22, 1943. Just seven years later, she did receive the crown of martyrdom.
    All during World War II, from 1939 to 1945, the sisters of Wonsan Priory were virtually isolated from the rest of the congregation of Missionary Benedictine Sisters. In 1945 the Russians entered North Korea. They limited the freedom of the missionaries but did not mistreat them. However, in secret the Russians prepared the way for the Korean Communists to take power at New Years 1949. Then the persecution began.
    On the night of May 10, 1949, Communist officials appeared at the priory house in Wonsan and confiscated it. The European sisters were imprisoned for several months at Pyongyang, the capital city of North Korea. Then they were taken to the mountains in the north. At the labor camp of Oksadok, they suffered until their release in 1954.
    The nineteen Korean sisters were imprisoned at a "rehabilitation center" in Wonsan. They were denounced as lazy, useless citizens and were pressured to get married. A week later they were taken back to the convent to put on lay clothing and had to return to their families. The sisters said to themselves, "It is neither the convent building nor the habit that make the religious, but the heart and the spirit." All had resolved to remain faithful and to live their vocation as Missionary Benedictines whole-heartedly.
    Sister Lucia and Sister Oliva, also a relative of Sister Columba Park, moved from Wonsan to Pyongyang, then to their home village of Sunan. Sister Lucia taught the children catechism three times a week, fearlessly gathering them in the very meeting hall of the Communists. The children also learned to sing the church songs.
    Some of Sister Lucia's relatives were Communists. Naturally, they weren't very happy with her activities. Yet until the start of the Korean War on June 25, 1950, Sister Lucia had no difficulty in living up to her Missionary Benedictine vocation.
    Sister Columba Park had been chosen as subprioress of Wonsan by Mother Prioress Gertrud Link in 1948. When all the sisters were imprisoned in 1949, Sister Columba was put in charge of the Korean sisters. This was a heavy responsibility for her. In February 1950, she took a chance and fled to South Korea. She asked Sisters Lucia and Oliva to follow her at the next opportunity, fearing that once her escape became known, the two other sisters would have problems.
    Sister Oliva was hard of hearing. Sister Lucia thought there would be great danger if during an attempted flight they were arrested and separated. If interrogated, Sister Oliva might give answers that would ruin the chances for the other sisters to escape to the south. So the two sisters stayed in North Korea while most of the other Korean sisters succeeded in fleeing south.
    The village of Sunan had been peaceful. One of Sister Lucia's third cousins, once a hired man of her family, had become a high-ranking Communist official. He reported Sister Lucia to the authorities. On September 24, 1950, she was arrested.
    It is not certain why only Sister Lucia was imprisoned and not Sister Oliva. Perhaps Sister Lucia's exceptional beauty had attracted notice. Also her strong sense of justice had made her aware of injustices of the government against the people, and she told her Communist relatives that they needed to convert and repent. She had continued teaching religion and singing. Witnesses agree that all these factors contributed to her arrest.
    In the fall of 1950 the South Korean army pushed north. As it came near Sunan, the Communist army marched all its prisoners to a mountain. There they shot them. Various dates have been given, October 5, 11, or 12. Sister Lucia Pak was among the prisoners who were executed by the Communists at that time.
    Sister Lucia remained loyal to our Lord Jesus Christ and kept her lofty religious spirit. She fulfilled the will of God, faithful to the point of giving her very life at the age of 31 years.1
___________________
1 Sr. Matilda Handl, “A Martyr's Crown for Missionary Courage: Sr. Luzia Pak (1919-1950),” www.osb-tutzing.pcn.net/en/html/biographies_ii.html#SLuzia; accessed 03.15.08.




La suora Lciua Park
La suora del priortato del Wonsan.
Nata il 14 Ottobre 1919 a Sunan, Corea del Nord, Park Angela era la prima tra tre figlie della felice e prosperosa famiglia cristiana. Suo padre era morto, mentre lei era ancora piccola.
Sin dalla prima gioventù, Angela sviluppò la fede ferma e attiva. Lei imparò ad aiutare i poveri e i sofferenti con compassione. Crescendo lei sempre più impressionava le persone con la sua bellezza.
Quando sua zia, Sr. Park Columba, ricevette l’abito monastico a Wonsan, Angela ci partecipò e profondamente impressionata. Lei si sentì ispirata di entrare nel convento.
Mentre era una candidata, Angela ha superato l’esame per diventare insegnante della musica. Durante il noviziato lei dovette aspettare più a lungo per fare la professione. Mentre lei si trovaba nella tristezza, Sr. Columba Park le disse, “Non ha importanza chi fa la professione prima, ma chi si indossa la corona di martirio. Devi avere pazienza ed aspettare.” Sr. Lucia fece la professione monastica il 22 Giugno 1943.
Durante tutta la seconda guerra mondiale, dal 1939 al 1945, le suore del priorato di Wonsan erano attualmente isolate da tutto il resto della Congregazione delle suore missionarie benedettine. Nel 1945 i russi entrarono nella Corea del Nord. Loro limitarono la libertà delle missionarie, ma non le maltrattarono. Ma hanno preparato in segreto, affinché i comunisti coreani prendessero la potenza politica, e allora la persecuzione era cominciata.
Nella notte del 10 Maggio 1949, gli ufficiali comunisti apparirono alla casa del prirorato di Wonsan e la confiscarono. Le suore europee erano imprigionate per alcuni mesi a Pyeongyang, la città capitale della Corea del Nord. E poi, sono state trasportate alle montagne del Nord. Nel campo del lavoro forzato di Oksadok, loro soffrirono fino al loro rilascio nel 1954.
Le 19 suore coreane erano imprigionate nel “centro di riabilitazione” di Wonsan. Loro erano denunciate come cittadine pigre e inutili ed erano forzate a sposarsi. Le suore dissero tra di se, “Nè la casa del convento, nè l’abito che ci fa relilgiose, ma il cuore e lo spirito”. Tutte hanno deciso di rimanere fedelmente e di vivere la loro vocazione come missionarie benedettine con tutto il cuore.
Sr. Lucia e Sr. Oliva, anche una famigliare di Sr. Park Columba, si trasferirono da Wonsan a Pyongyang, e poi al loro villaggio nativo di Sunan. Sr. Lucia insegnò ai bambini il catechismo tre volte alla settimana, radunandoli senza paura nella sala di congresso dei comunisti. I bambini impararono anche le canzoni religiose.
Alcnui famigliari di Sr. Lucia erano comunisti. Naturalmente loro non erano molto felici con le sue attività. Ma fino all’inizio della guerra coreana il 25 Giugno 1950 lei non aveva difficoltà di vivere secondo la vocazione delle missionarie benedettine.
Dopo che Sr. Park Columba, scelta come la viceprioressa di Wonsan, si rifugiò in Corea del Sud, Sr. Lucia e Sr. Oliva sono state dette di seguirla. Perché Sr. Oliva aveva difficoltà d’ascolto, Sr. Lucia aveva paura di poter provocare problema alle altre suore, rovinando le loro opportunità di rifugiarsi nel Sud. Perciò le due suore rimasero in Corea del Nord, mentre le maggior suore riuscirono a rifugiarsi nel Sud.
Il villaggio di Sunan era pacifico. Ma uno dei cugini di Sr. Lucia diventò alto ufficiale comunista e l’informò all’autorità. Il 24 Settembre 1950 è stata arrestata.
Nell’autunno del 1950 l’esercito della Corea del Sud spinse presso Nord. Quando vennero vicino a Sunan, l’esercito comunista fece marciare tutti gli imprigionati in una montagna e li fucilò. Era successo il 5, 11 oppure 12 Ottobre. Sr. Park Lucia era tra gli imprigionati esecutati dai comunisti in quel tempo.

 

Steckbrief


Professort: Wonsan
Todesort: Sunan
Todesart: Hinrichtung

 

 

 


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